Health Justice

Health Indicators & Disparities

  • African Americans are 8 times more likely than Whites to die from murder.

  • African Americans in New Orleans are twice as likely as Whites to die from kidney disease and HIV.

  • African Americans in New Orleans are 1.6 times more likely to have diabetes and three times more likely to die from diabetes than Whites.

  • In 2011, African American adults in New Orleans are almost two times more likely than White adults to be uninsured.

  • In 2011, African American children are 3.5 times more likely than White children to be uninsured.

  • In 2013 24% of New Orleans residents were uninsured. That rate dropped to 16% in 2014.

  • African American youth ages 15-24 are four times more likely to die of any cause than White youth ages 15-24.

 

Other Health Indicators

  • 18% of New Orleans residents are in poor or fair health as compared to 10% nationally.

  • The New Orleans obesity rate is 30%.

  • 21% of New Orleans residents are smokers.

  • 12 neighborhoods in New Orleans have no available green space. They include St. Claude, Iberville, and the Dixon neighborhoods.

  • In New Orleans, 20.6% of the population is food insecure.

 
 

Health Indicators & Disparities

  • African Americans are 8 times more likely than Whites to die from murder.

  • African Americans in New Orleans are twice as likely as Whites to die from kidney disease and HIV.

  • African Americans in New Orleans are 1.6 times more likely to have diabetes and three times more likely to die from diabetes than Whites.

  • In 2011, African American adults in New Orleans are almost two times more likely than White adults to be uninsured.

  • In 2011, African American children are 3.5 times more likely than White children to be uninsured.

  • In 2013 24% of New Orleans residents were uninsured. That rate dropped to 16% in 2014.

  • African American youth ages 15-24 are four times more likely to die of any cause than White youth ages 15-24.

 

Other Health Indicators

  • 18% of New Orleans residents are in poor or fair health as compared to 10% nationally.

  • The New Orleans obesity rate is 30%.

  • 21% of New Orleans residents are smokers.

  • 12 neighborhoods in New Orleans have no available green space. They include St. Claude, Iberville, and the Dixon neighborhoods.

  • In New Orleans, 20.6% of the population is food insecure.

 

Childhood Health Indicators

  • Low birth rates in New Orleans are 12% as compared to 10.7% for the state and 8.2% for the US.

  • 38.6% of children in New Orleans are living in poverty.

  • 17.1% of families living below the federal poverty line do not receive food stamps.

  • 22.3% of children are born to mothers with less than a high school education.

  • Louisiana ranked 47 out 50 in childhood well-being, with a ranking of 42 out of 50 in the health domain.

 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

  • Louisiana ranks 4th in the nation in chlamydia infections and Orleans Parish has the top chlamydia rates in the state. African Americans represent almost 80% of chlamydia cases in the state.

  • Low birth rates in New Orleans are 12% as compared to 10.7% for the state and 8.2% for the US.

  • 38.6% of children in New Orleans are living in poverty.

  • 17.1% of families living below the federal poverty line do not receive food stamps.

  • 22.3% of children are born to mothers with less than a high school education.

  • Louisiana ranked 47 out 50 in childhood well-being, with a ranking of 42 out of 50 in the health domain.

  • Louisiana ranks 2nd in the nation in gonorrheal infections. African Americans represent over 88% of gonorrhea cases in the state and Orleans Parish has one of the top highest rates of gonorrhea in the state.

  • Louisiana has the highest syphilis rates in the nation. African Americans represent 91% of syphilis cases in Louisiana.

  • As of December 2012, 12,892 African Americans in Louisiana were living with HIV. African Americans make up 33% of the state population but represent 74% of new HIV cases and 76% of new AIDS cases.

  • 68% of all people living with HIV infections are Black.

  • New Orleans had the second highest rate of new cases among Black females in Louisiana and the highest rate of new cases among Black males.

  • New Orleans also has the second highest number of African Americans living with HIV in Louisiana.

 

Health Infrastructure

  • Nineteen New Orleans neighborhoods have no primary care or behavioral health centers in their neighborhood or an adjacent neighborhood. Some neighborhoods without access include the Desire Area, Black Pearl, and Gentilly Woods.

  • Fourteen neighborhoods in New Orleans have one primary care center or behavioral health center in an adjacent neighborhood. They include neighborhoods such as the Lower Ninth Ward, Village de L’Est and Hollygrove.

  • The Greater New Orleans Community Health Connection (GNOCHC) provided free primary care to 53,000 19-64 year olds at or below the poverty line that do not qualify for Medicare. These services are provided through 41 community health centers and clinical sites across the city.

  • In 2013, the GNOCHC had 96,753 patient visits at 41 sites.

  • The $130 million, 80-bed New Orleans East Hospital opened in the summer of 2014.

  • 1200 residents were reached through ACA Marketplace outreach

  • New Orleans East Urgent Care was opened in this underserved community and served over 16,000 people in 2013.

  • The Behavioral Health Interagency Council has started a mental health diversion program in Municipal Court

  • The building of the 1500-acre BioDistrict New Orleans is underway and includes a new Veterans Affairs Hospital and a University Medical Center. The University Medical Centerwill have 424 beds, while the Veterans Affairs Hospital will have a total of 200 beds.

  • Psychiatric bed capacity has diminished significantly since Hurricane Katrina. New Orleans went from 364 total inpatient psychiatric beds to 165 inpatient beds.

  • In 2011, the state made a $2 million reduction in medical services for prisoners and significant cuts to the LSU hospital system.

 

Mental Health

  • On average, NOPD handles 10 mental health related calls for service each day.

  • Between 2012 and 2013 there was an 18% reduction in the number of patients visiting emergency rooms for mental health services. At the same time there has been an increase in the utilization of outpatient beds.

  • The New Orleans Health Department labels the behavioral health system as “fragile” and indicates that it is poorly coordinated

  • The closure of the New Orleans Adolescent Hospital has further stressed the mental and behavioral health infrastructure in the city, as has the closing of the South East Louisiana Hospital and the loss of mental health providers in the city Post-Katrina.