Housing Justice

Affordable Housing

  • Between 2004 and 2011 renters in New Orleans paying unaffordable housing costs has jumped 11% from 43% to 54% (paying more than 35% of household income on housing)

  • The national average of renters paying unaffordable housing costs is 44%

  • Homeowners in New Orleans face a similar burden with 27% paying unaffordable housing costs as compared to 23% nationally (same rate pre-Katrina)

  • In 2012, the poverty rate in New Orleans is at 27%, as compared to 15%

  • nationally.

  • New Orleans has made gains in housing recovery replacing its traditional housing projects with mixed-income, mixed-use housing, with one of its communities gaining acclaim as a national mixed-income public housing model.

  • HANO policies prior to 2013 eliminated formerly incarcerated people of any kind from housing and employment opportunities, exacerbating reentry challenges for this population. In 2013, HANO drafted a new policy and is working with community partners to design an implementation plan.

  • Only 11% of families in the four largest public housing apartments have returned.

 

Blight 

  • In 2010, New Orleans had 43,755 blighted properties. In 2012, the number dropped to 37,500.

  • The City of New Orleans has demolished 4,000 units since September 2010.

  • The city vacancy rate was 25% in 2010, the highest in the nation.

 

Impediments to Fair Housing 

  • Racial disparities exist in home loan denials. White home loan denial rate is 20.7%, African Americans is 37.9% and Hispanics have a denial rate of 26.8%.

  • Racial disparities exist regardless of income level. Blacks and whites with income levels of $15,000 or less had a denial rate of 68.2% and 57.3% respectively. Black and white applicants with income levels above $75,000 had a denial rate of 25.1% and 10.6% respectively.

  • Denial rate disparities also exist between women and men, with female head of household denial rates 6.9 percentage points higher than male head of household.

  • The top five impediments to fair housing cited in the Analysis of Impediments to Fair were lack of available, accessible and affordable housing; discrimination in the rental markets especially on the basis of color; lack of understanding of tenant rights and landlord responsibilities; lack of education and outreach efforts pertaining to fair housing; insufficient and availability of information especially on government web sites.

 

Homelessness

  • The Point in Time Homeless Count in the New Orleans Metro area is 6,687.

  • 61% of the metro area’s homeless (4,087) are chronically homeless.

  • 79% of homeless people in the New Orleans Metro are disabled.

  • The majority of homeless in New Orleans are living in abandoned buildings.

  • 55% of the areas homeless are between 44-51 years of age.

  • Three key factors to increased homelessness in New Orleans is the loss of housing, rental rates at 47% higher than pre-Katrina levels and damaged healthcare infrastructure (impacting the physically and mentally disabled)

  • 15% of the street homeless population are Veterans.

 

Housing Rehabilitation & Climate Justice

  • Since 2010, City partnerships with community-based organization have resulted in the rebuilding of 520 homes in New Orleans.

  • The Neighborhood Stabilization Program 2 has released $27 million to build 469 new housing units, 88% of which have been completed, sold or rented.

  • The Road Home- Homeowner Assistance Program has distributed $8.9 billion to rebuild and protect homes and rental properties.

  • They have also issued $400 million to restore 800,000 rental units.

  • As of 2012, only 64% of the 119,000 homeowners receiving Road Home assistance have rebuilt homes.

  • Myriad problems have been reported about the Road Home Program including burdensome document requests, incompliance, the housing award formula, and mismanagement of recovery funds.